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Melaka, UNESCO World Heritage Site and Listed Buildings
Melaka City was jointly listed with Georgetown in UNESCO’s World Heritage List as a Cultural Heritage Site on 07-July-2008 under the title 'Melaka and George Town, historic cities of the Straits of Malacca'.

The Historic City of Melaka covers a core zone of Ha and a buffer zone of Ha. The most important area being the area surrounding St Paul's Hill.

Malacca has one bulding, a chinese temple called Cheng Hoon Teng that received an Award of Merit for restoration by UNESCO in 2002. It is located in Melaka UNESCO World Cultural Heritage core zone area.

Places of Worship, Malacca
Malaysia practices freedom of religion. Malacca also practices freedom of religion. Melaka town was once the most important trading and stop-over port in the Straits of Malacca. Due to that, some people from all over the world came to settle down in Melaka creating a town with people of different races and religions. All the main religions such as buddhism, hinduis, islam and chiristianity can be be found in Malacca.

Due to this, Melaka City managed to get listed by the UNESCO as a Cultural Heritage Site. A few churches built in Melaka city during the era of European rules are St Paul's Church, St Peter's Church, Christ Church and St Francis Xavier's Church.

Apart from churches, Malacca has other popular places of worship especially mosque. A few famous mosques are Kampung Hulu Mosque, Kampung Kling Mosque and Tranquerah Mosque. As for temples, one popular Chinese temple is Cheng Hoon Temple.
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About Malacca
Malacca is the third smallest state in Malaysia measuring about 1650 sq km. Its latitute coordinate is about 2°12′N and longtitude is about 102°15′E. Its neighbouring states are Negeri Sembilan on its north and Johore on its south-east.

The population is about 842.5 thousand people with about 66% Malay, 26% chinese and 6% indian. About 4% is foreigners.

Shopping in Malacca
For those who interested in things from a few centuries ago, Melaka town may be a good place to search especially in Jonker Street area. Some of the popular items are coins and postcard with photos of places in Melacca, Penang and also Kuala Lumpur during colonial era.

History of Malacca
History of Malacca started when Parameswara rested under a tree near Bertam River in Malacca. He saw a mousedeer kicked his dog got into the river and saw it as a good omen. So, he decided to build his new kingdom in that area. He named that place after the tree that he took shelter from, Melaka.

From then one, Melaka began to grow and prosper as an entreport. The Melaka kingdom established good traderelationship with foreign countries around Asia. Many traders came to trade and some settle down in Melaka bringing with them foreign languages, religions, goods and cultures.

When Melaka became master of Straits of Malacca, traders from Europe with better ships want to have more control of their route between west and east. Also, South East asia was a big producer of spices and the European also wanted to have control of them.

So, the Portugese came to trade with the intention of making its presence in Straits of Malacca. When Melaka warrior attacked them, they took the opportunity to fight back and claim Melaka. The Portugese won and took control of the Straits of Melaka from 1511 to 1641. Melaka Sultanate rulers and their warriors went to other states in Peninsula Malaya, such as Johor, Pahang and Perak.

Then the Dutch came. With the help of the Johore Sultanate, the Dutch managed to take over Melaka from Portugese. As the Dutch were more friendly with the Malays and other kingdoms in South East Asia, they managed to hold Melaka until 1795 when they decided to hand over Melaka to the British after a minor war. As the Dutch did not want Straits of Melaka to fall into the hands of the French, they decided to hand over Melaka to the British with an Agreement.

From 1795 to 1818 when the British rule over Melaka, they did not really administer Melaka as all the civil administration was still managed and written in Dutch.

From 1818, after the French Napoleon's war, Melaka went back to the Dutch but the Dutch was not really interested in Melaka but more in Batavia, now Jakarta.

So, in 1824, the Dutch and the British sign the Anglo-Dutch Treaty of 1824 which gave all area in Peninsula Malaya to the British. In return, the Dutch took all of Sumatera and Java. In 1867, Malacca became a Crown Colony together with Penang and Singapore.

From 1942 to 1945, during the Second World War, Japanese took over Peninsula Malaya from British. After the war, British came back and continue to rule Malaya until Malaya gained independence on the 31-Aug-1957. Between 1945 to 1957, Malacca was under different government. On 1 April 1946, Malacca joined the Malayan Union and on 31 January 1948, Malacca became part of the Federation of Malaya before it achieved independence together with other states in Peninsula Malaya.

On the 16 September 1963, Malacca became part of Malaysia. For more details on History of Malacca, visit History of Malacca.

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